notes and references

1. See Early Medieval for more.

2. for example Ardmore Cathedral, co. Waterford, c. 1200; Iona, Argyll, c. 1400; Kilchoan, Skye, 15th century; Keills, Argyll, late 15th century. See the Depictions page for a comprehensive list of historical illustrations.

4. The Queen Mary harp and the Lamont harp.

5. The Trinity College harp

6. The Lamont and Queen Mary harps were preserved for centuries in Lude House, Perthshire, with family traditions going back to the 15th or 16th centuries. The Trinity College harp has a somewhat dubious provenance before being acquired by Trinity College Dublin, and is suspected to be an Argyll instrument based on similarities of its decorative carving with 15th century West Highland graveslabs. See Sanger and Kinnaird, "Tree of Strings" (Kinmor 1992) for more details.

7. R.B. Armstrong, "The Irish and Highland Harps", David Douglas, Edinburgh, 1904, remains by far the best technical study of the surviving Gaelic harps.

8. The most recent and most ambitious project is that of the HHSI, which I have been helping run. See the HHSI Online Shop for details of replicas curently available.

9. Topographia Hiberniae, written c. 1185. Alan J. Fletcher, "Drama and the Performing Arts in Pre-Cromwellian Ireland: A Repertory of Sources and Documents from the Earliest Times until c.1642", D. S. Brewer, 2000 has the text (p. 165) and translation (p.506) of the relevant passages.






© Simon Chadwick 2007 - part of the history of the Gaelic harp, at