Pitch standards

notes and references

1. Cheryl Ann Fulton, "Playing the Late Medieval Harp", in Ross Duffin (ed), A Performer's Guide to Medieval music, Indiana University Press, 2000, p.347-8

2. Ian Harwood, "A case of double standards? Instrumental pitch in England c.1600", Early Music vol 9 no 4, October 1981. Thanks also to Karen Loomis for bringing this subject up again in 2010-11 and demonstrating it in practice on her early Gaelic harp.

3. Joan Rimmer, "James Talbot's Manuscript: Harps c.1690", Galpin Society Journal vol 16, 1963, p.67

4. Queens University Belfast, Special Collections, MS4, Bunting ms29 p.153, "Hempsons Harp 1702". online facsimile at Queens.

5. Edward Bunting, The Ancient Music of Ireland, Hodges & Smith, Dublin, 1840, p. 21



© Simon Chadwick 2009 - part of the history of the Gaelic harp, at earlygaelicharp.info/tuning